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ZΜCZEW  

The first Jews settled in Z這czew, a small town near Sieradz, in the 16 th century. At the start of the century, there existed a Jewish community and a House of Study, the so-called Beth Midrash. For many years, the Jews had constituted a majority there until the 19 th century when many Poles from Pozna and the neighbouring towns arrived. The Jewish community contributed to the economic prosperity of Z這czew.

Before the second world broke out, the Jewish population of Z這czew reached 2,067. The Nazis troops invaded the town in September 1939. Shortly afterwards, they burned it down and slaughtered nearly 200 people three-fourths of whom were Jewish. The youngest of them was three-year old Fajwu Szczukowski. Chana, a Jewish mentally disabled girl, was burned alive at the age of 19. The first massacre's victims were buried in mass graves in a local Jewish cemetery.

The first deportation of the Z這czew Jews took place in October 1939. Some of them were transported to a ghetto in Lublin to be later taken to a concentration camp in Majdanek. The next 1,400 Jews were moved to 鏚 and Zdu雟ka Wola in 1940. Nearly 400 Jews who remained in Z這czew were confined to a ghetto. Those who survived the nightmare of a ghetto life were transported to a death camp in Che軛no nad Nerem in August 1942.

The Jewish cemetery in Z這czew is located in the forest at Cegielniana Street. The books of the kehilla refer to a purchase of land for burial purposes in 1530. It means that the local beit olam is one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries in Poland. In the past, the locals took pride in the fact that a few renowned rabbis were buried there.

During the second world war, Shoah victims were buried in the cemetery. In September, nearly 150 people murdered by the Nazis in the first days of occupation were buried in four mass graves. The youngest victim, Fajwel Szczukowski, was three years old, the oldest, Kajla Gutman, was ninety three.

Regrettably, only scarce remnants of the cemetery exist now. The following is a description we received from our local correspondent: "In the first days of September 1939, the town of Z這czew along with the Jewish cemetery were totally bombed by the Nazis. The only reason was that the Wehrmacht was shooting a propaganda newsreel for the Reich. The Nazis attempted to annihilate the Jewish community and used the remaining gravestones to build roads. The older Z這czew dwellers recall that before the war there were more than three thousand gravestones of which only two have survived. They are looked after by locals. Recently, a Jewish community from the US has taken an interest in them."

For more information on the history of the Z這czew Jews go to:
Sefer Zloczew - Book of Zloczew.

Shetllinks

text: K. Bielawski
translation: Ma貪orzata ζwer

Z這czew - nagrobek Z這czew - cmentarz 篡dowski
Macewa w Z這czewie
Poszukujemy wszelkich informacji o 砰dach ze Z這czewa i ich nekropolii. Czekamy te na relacje os鏏, kt鏎e pami皻aj ten cmentarz z okresu przed II wojn 鈍iatow.
Teksty i zdj璚ia opublikowane w serwisie www.kirkuty.xip.pl s chronione prawem autorskim. Wykorzystanie materia堯w mo磧iwe wy陰cznie po uzyskaniu pisemnej zgody Redakcji.
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